Activities of Daily Living (ADLs) is a term used in healthcare to refer to daily self-care activities within an individual’s place of residence, in outdoor environments, or both. Health professionals routinely refer to the ability or inability to perform ADLs as a measurement of the functional status of a person, particularly in regards to people with disabilities and the elderly.Two types of adl that is instrumental adl and basic adl. OT assess the skills needed to perform the adl task, and compare with present skills in the clients and help them to perform the adl at maximum independance, by using various techniques, trainings and also adaptations.
There are several evaluation tools, such as the Katz ADL scale and the Lawton IADL scale.
Most models of health care service use ADL evaluations in their practice, including the medical (or institutional) models, such as the Roper-Logan-Tierney model of nursing, and the resident-centered models, such as the Program of All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly (PACE).
Instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs) are not necessary for fundamental functioning, but they let an individual live independently in a community
Occupational therapists often evaluate IADLs when completing patient assessments. Assessments may include 11 types of IADLs that are generally optional in nature and can be delegated to others