Sensory integration is defined as the neurological process that organizes sensation from one’s own body and the environment, thus making it possible to use the body effectively within the environment. Specifically, it deals with how the brain processes multiple sensory modality inputs into usable functional outputs Sensory integration deals with how the brain processes sensory input from multiple sensory modalities. These include the five classic senses of vision (sight), audition (hearing), tactile stimulation (touch), olfaction (smell), and gustation (taste).
Other sensory modalities exist, for example the vestibular sense (balance and the sense of movement) and proprioception (the sense of knowing one’s position in space). It is important that the information of these different sensory modalities must be relatable. The sensory inputs themselves are in different electrical signals, and in different contexts Through sensory integration, the brain can relate all sensory inputs into a coherent percept, upon which our interaction with the environment is ultimately based.
Sometimes there can be a problem with the encoding of the sensory information. This disorder is known as sensory integration dysfunction, or SID. This disorder can be further classified into three main types. Type 1 is when the patient exhibits a sensory modulation disorder, where he/she seek sensory stimulation due to an over or under response to sensory stimuli. Type 2 is when the patient exhibits a sensory based motor disorder. Patients who have this type of SID have incorrect processing of motor information that leads to poor motor skills.
Type 3 sensory integration dysfunction occurs when the patient has a sensory discrimination disorder, which is characterized by postural control problems, lack of attentiveness, and disorganization. There are several therapies used to treat SID. Dr. A. Jean Ayres claimed that a child needs a healthy “sensory diet,” which is all of the activities that a child performs that gives him/her the necessary sensory inputs that he/she needs to get the brain into better performing sensory integration. WE Provide SENSORY INTEGRATION THERAPY for all clients Autism, Cerebral palsy, ADHD, Downs, and other. for better physical and mental development.
Occupational therapists are trained to assist people of all ages to perform the functional tasks that normally occupy their lives. The occupation of childhood is to develop the skills necessary to become functional and independent adults. These skills include.
Play is the media most often used in the Occupational therapist’s treatment of children. It is highly motivating and a natural media used by all children. Education and involvement of the family is usually a primary consideration and may be critical to success.The educational background of Occupational therapists includes extensive course work in anatomy, neurology and psychology. Their education also includes course work in activity analysis. This enables the therapist to analyze the components of a play or work activity choosing tasks that will improve the child’s basic skills.The evaluation is different for each child depending on the presenting problems and the expertise of the professional performing the evaluation.
For most children we do standardized testing to define the treatment needs. For infants and toddlers, or children who cannot cooperate with testing, the therapist may do structured or unstructured clinical observations. We do not want a child to be frightened or feel negative about their first experience with us. If your child cannot handle formal testing, we will find alternative ways of assessment.
You are welcome, and encouraged, to be with your child during the evaluation. This will help your child feel comfortable and allow you to see your child’s responses. (It can be difficult to do an evaluation with siblings present, so if you plan to observe the evaluation you need to make child care arrangements for your other children).